Developed VS. Developing
By: Jacob Yang
The United Nations divides countries into two categories: developing and developed. The category marks whether a country is technologically advanced and has a sustainable economy. The difference between the two comes from the country’s own self-sufficiency, which can be defined by how industrialized it is.
Many countries that are classified as developed have undergone an industrial revolution, which is a transition between an agricultural and rural dominated area to one that has power-driven tools replaced with the former. For Britain, the world’s first industrial nation, inventing was its main source of development; the steamroller and power loom were all created by the English in its revolution and helped it industrialize. Japan, the country with the third most commercial production in the world, increased commerce to generate more money for funding its machinery - mainly through introducing new services to the country. Telegraph lining, railroads, and silk spinning were all a part of the new system. These advancements let Japan become less dependent on other countries for its imports, as they were making what they needed to sustain themselves.
In addition to industrialization, a nation’s development can be measured through literacy rates and life expectancy. In the United States, a study conducted by Mid-South showed that 1 in 10 adults was considered to have Limited English Proficiency (LEP), where almost none of these adults had English as their native language. People who do not have LEP who makes money make 25-40% more than those who do have LEP, according to Mid-South. In many under-developed countries that have low literacy rates, children have no place to go to school. Citizens, therefore, have fewer opportunities to opportunity to join the workforce with high salaries. Low life expectancy within countries means there may be high susceptibility to disease in the area. Things like unfiltered drinking water, plagues and epidemics, and a lack of doctors and healthcare are all common in developing countries and contribute to low life expectancy.
A developed country is one that tends to have a high literacy rate, life expectancy, and went through an industrial revolution. However, a country that is currently a developing one can be found using the Human Development Index (HDI). It measures the mean years of schooling, expected years of schooling, life expectancy at birth, and gross national income per capita and creates a three-digit decimal score from 0-1, zero being the lowest and one being a perfect country. A country below 0.599 is considered a developing country. However, placing a country’s past year’s HDI on a chart, an upward trend can mean a country is approaching a developed level. It shows whether a country is industrializing or not.